Gut Jägerslust, Flensburg.

Jägerslust, Flensburg.

The main building of the Jägerslust estate in Flensburg. This is where the young women lived during their hachshara.

Photo: Richard Hausmann, courtesy of Eric S. Hausmann.

Jägerslust, Flensburg.

One of the two stables of Jägerslust.

Photo: Richard Hausmann, courtesy of Eric S. Hausmann.

Jägerslust, Flensburg.

The "Kibbutz", where the young men lived in Jägerslust.

Photo: Richard Hausmann, courtesy of Eric S. Hausmann.

Photos of Hachshara life in Gut Jägerslust, Flensburg.

Erwin Linz with other Flensburg trainees, ca 1935.

Erwin Linz (left row) with other Flensburg trainees, ca 1935

Photo (c) courtesy of Bernd Philipsen.

Hachshara Youth in Jägerslust, Flensburg. 1936.

Hachshara youth on the roof of the "Kibbutz". Jägerslust, Flensburg. March 22, 1936

Photo: collection of Richard Hausmann, courtesy of Eric S. Hausmann.

Hachshara group with Alex Wolff, Jägerslust, Flensburg

Hachshara group on the edge of the forest, Jägerslust, Flensburg. 1936-1937.

Alexander Wolff, Erna Weinert, Frau Käte Wolff, Hermann Berger, Gerhard Chaim, Adi Sporn, Josef Lustig.

Photo collection of Richard Hausmann, courtesy of Eric S. Hausmann.

Hachshara group, Jägerslust, Flensburg

Hachshara group, Jägerslust, Flensburg. Nov ? 1936

(?), Friedel (Peterseil?), Margot, Ruth Hamburger, Erna (or Eva?), Herman xxx , Paul

Photo collection of Richard Hausmann, courtesy of Eric S. Hausmann.

Hachshara group in front of the stables.

Hachshara group in front of the stables, Gut Jägerslust, 5 November 1936.

Richard, Ben, Lotte Kaiser, Ernst Isaksohn, Frau Käte Wolff, Ferdinand Ehrenberg, I (?) Leiter, Max Klausner

Photo Collection of Richard Hausmann, courtesy of Eric S. Hausmann.

On the way to Padborg (Denmark) with Jehuda Marcus.

On the way to Padborg (Denmark) with Jehuda Marcus. December 1936

Photo by Willi (Friedmann?), Collection of Richard Hausmann, courtesy of Eric S. Hausmann.

Hachshara group in Kibbutz Jägerslust, FLensburg, 1937.

Kibbutz Jägerslust, FLensburg. January 16, 1937

From right to left: Lotte Kaiser, Bernhard (Männe) Horn, Ruth Hamburger, Richard Hausmann, Erna Weinert, Ben ..., Jenny Friedmann, Chaim Berger, Berta Tokajer, Franz Kaufmann, Ludwig Lilie. Sitting, front row: Fritz Plaut & Trude (Gertrud, Trudi) Leiter.

Collection of Richard Hausmann, courtesy of Eric S. Hausmann.

Hachshara group in Jägerslust, Flensburg. 1937.

Hachshara group with Jehuda Marcus* by the edge of the forest in Jägerslust, Flensburg. 1937.

Richard Hausmann: "Jehuda Marcus was a member of the "Merkas Hechalutz" in Berlin, and was called whenever insoluble problems arose, often with Alexander Wolff. I think Kurt Wohl came from Hamburg for the same purpose."

Photo by: Ferdinand (Nante) Ehrenberg. Collection of Richard Hausmann, courtesy of Eric S. Hausmann.

Somewhere in the field with Alex Wolff on the bike. Hachshara youth in Jägerslust, Flensburg.

"Somewhere in the field with Alex Wolff on the bike." 1936-1937.

Photo: Collection of Richard Hausmann, courtesy of Eric S. Hausmann.

March 1937.

"Mergelfahren", March 1937.

Photo by: Ferdinand (Nante) Ehrenberg. Collection of Richard Hausmann, courtesy of Eric S. Hausmann.

Hachshara youth in Jägerslust, Flensburg. 1938.

Sam Federmann with six women in Jägerslust, Flensburg, 1938.

Note: Toni Katz *might* be first left in the back row

Photo courtesy of Bernd Philipsen.

Sam Federmann on top of the human pyramid. Jägerslust, Flensburg. 1938.

Sam Federmann on top of the human pyramid. Jägerslust, Flensburg, 1938.

Photo courtesy of Bernd Philipsen.

Peeling potatoes, Jägerslust, Flensburg.

Peeling potatoes.

Photo courtesy of Bernd Philipsen.

Max Woislawski, Hans Rosenfeld and Siegbert Pinkus. 1938.

Max Woislawski, Hans Rosenfeld and Siegbert Pinkus working in the fields. Jägerslust, 1938.

Photo courtesy of Bernd Philipsen.

In the vegetable garden, Jägerslust, Flensburg.

In the vegetable garden, Jägerslust.

Photo courtesy of Bernd Philipsen.

Milking cow, Jägerslust, Flensburg.

Milking cow

Photo courtesy of Bernd Philipsen.

Max Woislawski. September 1938.

Max Woislawski loading manure to be used as fertilizer. Jägerslust, September 1938.

Photo courtesy of Bernd Philipsen.

Toni, Gera

Toni Katz in "Kibbutz Jägerslust", Flensburg, August-November 1938.

Photo: collection Katz, courtesy of Shulik Mir.

List of Hachshara trainees in Jägerslust

Between the Fall of 1934 and the abrupt end on November 10, 1938, approximately 100 young people participated in the Hachshara (training) program in the Jägerslust estate of the Wolff family in Flensburg.

So far, 68 are known by name. The list below is thus incomplete and mostly covers the 1936-1937 period. For 1938, the date is often simply inferred based on the Kiel prison incarceration log following the November 9-10 Pogrom. Unless otherwise noted, all the information below is from Bernd Philipsen's research. To his original list, I have added the names of my mother, Toni Katz, Helena Sara Croner, Charlotte (Lotte) Wald (married: Spittel; later: Nirah Schnurmann), and Magdalena Felicitas Ferenszi.

Of these 68 names,

  • 42 were men (62%), 26 women (38%)
  • There were 11 couples (32% of trainees were married)
  • There were 2 pair of siblings

  • 4 died in the holocaust
  • 28 to 30 survived and made aliyah
  • 4 survived and went to the USA
  • 2 survived and remained in the Netherlands
  • 2 survived and remained in Denmark
  • 2 survived and remained in Sweden
  • 1 survived and returned to Germany
  • 1 survived, location unknown
  • 22: fate unknown


Of the 28 to 30 who managed to get to Palestine,

  • 5 arrived in 1936
  • 8 arrived in 1937
  • 2 arrived in 1938
  • 3 arrived in 1939, via the Dora ("illegal")
  • 1* arrived in 1941 (*tbc)
  • 2 arrived in 1944, via Spain or Portugal
  • 5 arrived after the war
  • 4: details unknown or unconfirmed


Year Name City Notes
1936-1937
Felix Bender
Felix Bender

Photo: Richard Hausmann, courtesy of Eric S. Hausmann. 22.3.1936.

No further information available.

? to November 1938
Albert Berger
Albert Berger
Bonn

Born 03 May 1919 in Bonn. Died February, 1944 in Auschwitz-Monowitz.

Arrested during the November "Pogrom" in Jägerslust. Sent to the Kiel prison, then to the Sachsenhausen concentration camp, where he remained until the end of December 1938.

After his release, went to the Netherlands in January 1939 and was a "Palestine Pioneer" with the Deventer Association. In 1942 interned in the Westerbork transit camp, then deported to Auschwitz III-Monowitz in September (or October) 1942. Killed in Auschwitz in February 1944.

His brothers Adolf and Herman left for Israel and survived the war.

Information and photo from: oorlogsdodendinkelland.nl
See also geni.com

According to the testimony of Shlomo Samson, this photograph was taken in the Westerbork camp by Werner Rudolf Breslauer, apparently with the intention of its future use by members of the Zionist pioneering underground (in the camp and outside it) for producing forged identity documents for the purpose of escaping from the camp. (source: www.infocenters.co.il

1936-1937
Hermann (Chaim) Berger
Hermann (Chaim) Berger
Duisburg

Chaim Herman Leopold Berger, born January 05, 1918 in Niederzissen, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany

Brother of Adolf Adi Berger and Albert Berger (another Flensburg trainee; see above)

Married Anne Oppenheimer; Two children.
Died February 17, 1962 (44) in Haifa, Israel

Information from geni.com

1936-1937
Gerhard Chaim
Gerhard Chaim
Wroclaw (Breslau)

No further information available.

April 1938 to ?
Helena Sara Croner
Helena Sara Croner
Hamburg

Born January 3rd, 1919 in Hamburg, Germany. Died 1999 in Zelhem, Netherlands.

Joined the Hachashara program in Jägerslust in Flensburg in April 1938. Left for the Netherlands in March 1939, where she joined the Deventer Association. Married Michiel Asser Benjamin Jacob in 1942. They went to live in Zelhem, where they took over the shop in smoking articles from his parents.

Her husband, her mother, her sisters Ruth, Anna and Meta, and her brother Leopold were killed in the Holocaust.

Helene and her brothers Herman and Herbert survived the war. She later married Johannes Hendrikus (Han) Roenhorst. She died in 1999 in Zelhem.

Source (text): http://oorlogsdodendinkelland.nl
Photo credit: www.oudzelhem.nl

1936-1937
Erika Dallmann (married name: Beer)
Rügenwalde

Born October 16, 1907 in Rügenwalde.

Went to Denmark for further training in the framework of the exchange program (1936/1937).

Married Heinz Beer, two children.
Died June 9, 1982 in Fredensborg, Denmark.

See geni.com

Anna Dreifus

"Sister of Lili Marie Dreifus. Killed in Auschwitz."

Assuming this is: Anne Rosa Dreifuss, daughter of Emil Dreyfus and Toni Löwenbach, sister of Lilli Marie de Leeuw (Dreifus) and Walter Otto Dreifuss. From: geni.com

Lili Marie Dreifus

"Sister of Anna Dreifus. Killed in a German concentration camp."

Assuming this is: Lilli Marie de Leeuw (Dreijfus). Born March 28, 1920, in Sulzbach/Saar, Germany. Killed in April 30, 1943 (aged 23) in Sobibór, Poland. Daughter of Emil Dreyfus and Toni Löwenbach, wife of Salomon Bernard de Leeuw. Sister of Anne Rosa Dreifuss and Walter Otto Dreifuss. From geni.com

If so, after leaving Jägerslust, Lili Dreifus went to the Netherlands and belonged to the Deventer Association. see www.joodsmonument.nl

1936-1937
Ferdinand (Nante) Ehrenberg
Ferdinand (Nante) Ehrenberg
Mannheim (or Karlsruhe?)

Went to Denmark for further training in the framework of the exchange program. Was with Bernhard Lieser at least until spring of 1941 in the Slangerup Agricultural School.

"One afternoon two young men came cycling to Gørløse School and asked for me. There were two Hechalutz chaverim, Ferdinand Ehrenberg and Bernhard Lieser. They were students at Slangerup Agricultural School for the winter. Both came from Germany. I visited the two at the school in Slangerup and borrowed a few books from them. One Sunday in the spring of 1941, Ferdinand and Bernhard invited me to a pegishah in the Hechalutz center in Frederikssund.

Source: "Unge jøders flugt 1939-1945" (Anders Enevig)

Died on January 10, 1994 in Gothenburg, Sweden.

March 1937 to October 1938
Sam (Samo, Samuel) Federmann
Samuel Federmann
Chemnitz

Born in 1917 in Chemnitz. Died 2006 in Tel Aviv.

1927-1938 member of the Zionist Youth Organization. 1936 to 1938: Preparation for emigration to Palestine in Hamburg, then at the Jägerslust estate in Flensburg from February/March 1937 until the end of October 1938. He was away in Berlin for medical treatment and was not present during the attack on Jägerslust during the November pogrom.

His escape from Germany took him to Belgium (1938), France (1939, volunteer in the French Army) and Spain (1940), where he was interned for a long time in a camp. He finally reached Tel Aviv in January 1944.

A hotelier and entrepreneur, he founded the Dan Hotels Corporation in 1947 along with his brother Yekutiel. He died in 2006 in Tel Aviv.

1936-1937
Herbert Feinstein

A chalutz named Herbert Feinstein is mentioned in "Hachshara and Youth Aliyah in Sweden 1933-1948", By Emil Glück, Judith Diamond, Yaël Glick, p46. He led a Youth Aliyah group from Helsingegården, Sweden to Palestine on April 20th, 1941. The group settled in Atlit.

The Israeli Government Archive also has a file and photo for a Herbert Feinstein, born in Cologne on 24.3.1914, with previous country of residence Sweden, who arrived in Palestine on 7.5.1941, and whose occupation is listed as "agricultural labourer". He resided in Kibbutz Alonim and was married to Ursula Marcuse.

If this is the same person as the Jägerslust trainee, it means that Herbert Feinstein managed to flee Germany and was able to find refuge in Sweden, then made it to Palestine in the spring of 1941. There is not enough evidence at this point however to confirm this is the same Herbert Feinstein.

No further information available.

1936
Magdalena Felicitas Ferenszi (married name: Oppenheimer)*
Magdalena Felicitas Ferenszi (married name: Oppenheimer)
Hungary

Born in Öcsöd, Hungary, 16.1.1916

*Note: Assuming she was a trainee in Jägerslust because her passport was issued in Flensburg on 6.7.1936 and she emigrated to Palestine two weeks later with her husband, another Jägerslust trainee Hans Oppenheimer (22.7.1936).

Source: "Application for Palestinian Citizenship", Government of Palestine - Department of Immigration, 1939:
http://www.archives.gov.il

? until November 1938
Ernst Fischer
Frankenthal

Born in 17.8.1918

Listed in the "custody book" of the Kiel prison, following his arrest during Kristallnacht. Assuming he was then sent to the Sachsenhausen concentration camp together with the other young men from Jägerslust.

Later fled to the Netherlands (Almen: Het Laren). He boarded the Dora, an immigration ship organized by Mossad LeAliyah Bet and reached the coast of Palestine in August 1939.

1936-1937
Willy Friedmann
Wroclaw (Breslau)

Arrived in the Jägerslust Hachshara center on March 1st, 1936, from Breslau as an agricultural trainee. Married another trainee, Jenny Jaschkowitz, on March 3, 1937. The couple left Jägerslust in May 1937.
Source: Newspaper note from 16.1.1937 "Flensburger Aufgebote", Nebenkartei

No further information available.

1936-1937
Ruth Hamburger
Ruth Hamburger

No further information available.

1936-1937
Richard Hausmann
Richard Hausmann
Düren

Born 1914 in Düren, Rhineland. Died in 2007 in Longmeadow, USA.

Employed in the department store of Leonhard Tietz in Düren, until it was "Aryanized". He then began studying to become a textile engineer at the weaving school in Aachen.

Came to the Jägerslust hachshara center to follow agricultural training on October 20, 1936. There he met his future wife Ernestine Erna Weinert. They left Flensburg on July 19, 1937 and temporarily moved with farmers in Meiningen, Thuringia.

Richard and Erna left Germany in February 1938 (or "shortly before the outbreak of war in 1939"). They first went to Sweden, but since their residence permits could not be renewed there, they left for Denmark after 18 months, and together with other Jews found work on farms in south Zealand. They later moved outside of Copenhagen, and worked on the farm of Harald and Agnette Petersen, with Richard working as a herdsman.

In October 1943, when the Germans wanted to arrest all the Jews, Harald Petersen offered to drive the Hausmanns to Copenhagen with his car, from where they could try to escape to Sweden. After three days without finding a fisherman to take the Jewish Immigrants across the waters, Harald Petersen finally found a fisherman to take them and came up with his own money to pay for the escape.

On March 28, 1990, Yad Vashem recognized Harald Petersen as Righteous Among the Nations for having risked his life to arrange the Hausmanns' escape.
(Source: Yad Vashem)

Richard and Erna emigrated to the USA in August 1950, and lived in Longmeadow, Massachusetts. Richard Hausmann was an engineer in the fabric industry. They had three children (Hermann (Copenhagen, 1942), Ruth (Sweden, 1944), and Stephen David (USA, 1950). Richard Hausmann died in December 2007 at the age of 93.

1936-1937
Dora Herbst
Köln

No further information available.

1936-1937
Herbert (Zvi) Hirsch
Wroclaw (Breslau)

No further information available.

1936-1937
Lotte Honig

No further information available.

August 17, 1936-March 16, 1937
Bernhard ("Männe") Horn
Bernhard Horn
Köln

Born 16 June, 1909 in Cologne. Married to Margot Horn (born Lange).

Bernard and Margot arrived in Palestine 19.4.1937. First resided in Haifa. Occupation: "Labourer". One daughter, Noah, born January 1938 in Hadera, Israel.

Info and photo (1941) from www.archives.gov.il

August 17, 1936-March 16, 1937
Margot Horn (born Lange)
Margot Horn (Lange)
Berlin

Born Januray 11, 1911 in Berlin. Married to Bernhard ("Männe") Horn.

Arrived in Palestine 19.4.1937. One daughter, Noah, born January 1938 in Hadera, Israel.

Info and photo (1941) from www.archives.gov.il

1936-1937
Ernst Isaksohn (Isackson)
Ernst Isaksohn

No further information available.

1936-1937
Jenny Jaschkowitz (Yashkovice) (married name: Friedmann)
Jenny Jaschkowitz (Yashkovice) (Jenny Friedmann)
Wroclaw (Breslau)

Born 23/3/1914 in Poznań.

Came to the Jägerslust Hachshara center from Breslau on March 23, 1936. Married on March 3, 1937 another trainee, Willy Friedmann. Together, they left Jägerslust in May 1937.
Source: Newspaper note from 16.1.1937 "Flensburger Aufgebote", Nebenkartei

No further information available.

1936-1937
Carry Jordan

Possibly Carry Carolina Schmidt (Jordan), born April 19, 1912 in Koblentz, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany.
Wife of Chaim Schmidt.
Died January 21, 2009 (96), Nahariya, Israel

Based on geni.com

Unconfirmed. No further information available.

Summer of 1936 to winter of 1937
Lotte Kaiser (later married Flegenheimer)
Lotte Kaiser
Leipzig

Lotte Kaiser was born in Leipzig, Germany in 1908*.

She married Wilhelm Benjamin Flegenheimer in Palestine sometimes between 1939 and 1945. The couple lived in Moledet, Israel. They had (at least) one child, David, born in 1945. (Wilhelm Benjamin Flegenheimer, born 1910 in Odenheim, lived in Hannover prior to his emigrating to Palestine in 1934. Occupation: gardener, later changed his surname to Peleg*. He died 1987*).

Lotte died in Moledet in 2003*.

*Source: /www.kaminsky.nl
Additional source: www.archives.gov.il

Summer 1938 to November 1938
Toni Katz (married name: Abraham)
Toni Katz (Abraham)
Sokal, Poland

Toni Katz was born in Sokal, Poland, Sept 30, 1919, and came to Gera, Germany with her family around 1921/1922. She died in Paris in 2001.

She came to the hachshara center in Flensburg in the Summer of 1938 and remained there until its closure in November 1938. After the destruction of Jägerslust, she went back home to Gera, only to find that her parents had been deported to Poland during the October 28th-29th roundup of Polish Jews. She spent the following months hiding with friends. She eventually made her way across the Belgian border illegally, and boarded the Dora, an illegal immigration ship with 500 Jewish refugees. She arrived in Eretz Israel two weeks before the start of WW2.

Her parents and relatives who had been deported to Poland were gassed in Belzec in 1943.

Paul Katzenberg
Hamborn

Most likely: Birth: 1909, Duisburg, Germany; Death: Stockholm, Sweden

Went to Denmark for further training in the framework of the exchange program.

No further information available.

1936-1937
Paul Katzenstein

No further information available.

1936-1937
Franz Kaufmann
Franz Kaufmann
Wroclaw (Breslau) "A young dental technician from Breslau. Managed to emigrate directly from Flensburg with the help of the coveted worker certificate to Palestine." (Handwritten note "to Palestine" on municipal notice of departure).
1936-1937
Max Klausner
Max Klausner

No further information available.

1936-1937
Ernie Kopilowski

No further information available.

Lene Kronertz
"Fled to the Netherlands. Hidden by courageous Dutch famers, endured the war in the Netherlands and later remained in the country."
May 1937 to August 1938
Frieda Landmann (married name: Ziegler)
Frieda Landmann (Frieda Ziegler)
Berlin

Born March 1913 in Berlin.

Attended Jägerlust as part of her Hachshara training from 25 May 1937 to 31 August, 1938. From there went to Denmark for further training in the framework of the exchange program.

Married to Benno Ziegler.

"Our madrich was Benno Ziegler, married to Frieda. Benno was from Germany and had been on hachshara in Italy before coming to Denmark."

Source: "Unge jøders flugt 1939-1945" (Anders Enevig)

Lived in the 1990s in Berlin.

1936-1937
Eva Lange
Eva Lange
Wroclaw (Breslau)

Born: 22.11.1912, in Brieg

Date entered in Palestine: 29.03.1937
Married Gunter Riesenfeld
Residence: Kvuzat Massad Post Ain Harod
One daughter, born 1938.

All info above and photo (1941) from "Application for Palestinian Citizenship", Government of Palestine - Department of Immigration; assumed to be same person as hachshara trainee. www.archives.gov.il

1936-1937
Gertrud (Trudi, Trude) Leiter
Gertrud (Trudi, Trude) Leiter
Bobfingen (Oberdorf)

Born 22.05.1914 in Oberdorf, Germany.

Married Fritz Plaut, another Flensburg hachshara trainee
Immigration visa received in Flensburg on 7.5.1937
Arrived in Palestine (Haifa), Sept 19, 1937
One son Hanan, born in 1938 in Petah Tikva
Resided in Kiryat-Haim

Source: "Application for Palestinian Citizenship", Government of Palestine - Department of Immigration, 1947: www.archives.gov.il

Bernhard Lieser
Leipzig

Went to Denmark for further training in the framework of the exchange program. Was with Ferdinand Ehrenberg at least until spring of 1941 in the Slangerup Agricultural School.

"One afternoon two young men came cycling to Gørløse School and asked for me. There were two Hechalutz chaverim, Ferdinand Ehrenberg and Bernhard Lieser. They were students at Slangerup Agricultural School for the winter. Both came from Germany. I visited the two at the school in Slangerup and borrowed a few books from them. One Sunday in the spring of 1941, Ferdinand and Bernhard invited me to a pegishah in the Hechalutz center in Frederikssund.

Source: "Unge jøders flugt 1939-1945" (Anders Enevig)

No further information available.

1936-1937
Lina Lilie
Frankfurt

Born December 20, 1907 in Offenbach, Darmstadt, Hesse, Germany. Died August 09, 1991 (83), in New York, Bronx, New York, United States

Wife of Ludwig Lilie. Mother of Stephan Gerhard Lilie, born April 05, 1943, died March 2014 (70).

Source: geni.com

1936-1937
Ludwig Lilie
Ludwig Lilie
Frankfurt

Born November 29, 1905 in Seligenstadt, Darmstadt, Hesse, Germany. Died January 03, 1998 (92) in the Bronx, New York, United States

17 Sep 1935, he lived at Seligenstadt, Große Salzgasse No. 8. He moved to Frankfurt am Main 28 Jan 1937.

Husband of Lina Lilie, Father of Stephan Gerhard Lilie, born April 5, 1943 in New York, NYC, died March 2014 (70).

Source: geni.com

? until November 1938
Karl Lindenberg
Berlin

Listed in the "custody book" of the Kiel prison following his arrest during Kristalnacht.

Assuming was then sent to the Sachsenhausen concentration camp, along with the other young men from Jägerslust, and was later released at the end of December 1938, after presenting a plan to leave Germany.

No further information available.

1935-1936?
Erwin Linz
Erwin Linz
Rotenburg an der Fulda

Born 10 November 1914 in Rotenburg an der Fulda. Died 1998 in Bnei Brak, Israel.

Arrived in Palestine 13.7.1936.
Lived in Kfar Yecheskel (1938)
Occupation: Labourer (1938)
Source: "Application for Palestinian Citizenship", Government of Palestine - Department of Immigration, 1938: www.archives.gov.il

In Palestine, Erwin Linz was initially involved in an irrigation project on the western edge of the Jordan Valley. In 1945 he and his wife joined the kibbutz Givat Hashlosha, and in 1953 the kibbutz Einat.

(At least) one son; Uri Ilan, born ca 1941 (Source: article)

Possibly related to Fritz Plaut, another Flensburg hachshara trainee. See Plaut Family Tree

Listed as Joseph Erwin Ilan (Linz) on geni.com

1935-1936?
Lucie Loewald
Lucie Loewald
Wroclaw (Breslau)

Born in Breslau, 25.6.1912

Emigrated directly from Flensburg to Palestine with the help of the coveted worker certificate; (handwritten note "to Palestine" on municipal notice of departure).

Arrived in Palestine 8.9.1936
Married name: Lucie Cohn-Biedermann.
Widow of Erich (Eliahu) Cohn-Biedermann.

"Eliahu Cohn-Biedermann, shot by three Arabs on 10.5.1939 while garding the governor's house in the German Colony in Haifa. Eliyahu and his friend, Dov Berad, were killed on the spot."

(Source: geni.com)

Occupation: Children's nurse, Beth Hatinokoth (WIZO' Baby Home), Jerusalem.

Source and photo (1941): "Application for Palestinian Citizenship", Government of Palestine - Department of Immigration, 1941: www.archives.gov.il

Died in 2001 (source: geni.com)

1936-1937
Joseph Lustig
Joseph Lustig
Wroclaw (Breslau)

No further information available.

Siegfried Marcks
Siegfried Marcks
Wroclaw (Breslau)

Born Aug 26, 1915 in Breslau.

Emigrated directly from Flensburg to Palestine with the help of the coveted worker certificate; (handwritten note "to Palestine" on municipal notice of departure).

From the "Application for Palestinian Citizenship", Government of Palestine - Department of Immigration:
Came to Palestine 14.03.1938
Changed name to Eli Marcks
Kibutz Shamir
Occupation: labourer

Photo (1942): www.archives.gov.il

1936-1937
Alex (Alexander Josef) Muschinsky

Born 1917.

Spent 16 months in Flensburg, and then worked in Denmark as "Madrich" (group leader, supervisor) in the Youth Aliyah. (Interview with Bernd Philipsen, 1993)

During World War II a group of Jewish children and young people came to Fyn (Funen) in Denmark. Alex Muschinsky was their (visiting) Youth-Aliyah instructor/leader in Funen. Later a resident of Denmark where he became a college teacher.

Source: Lokalhistorisk Nyt/ Udgivet af Lokalhistorisk Forening for Nr. Lyndelse Sogn, nr. 47. november 1999

Alex stayed in Fyn (Funen) until October 1943, when he was helped to Sweden. He returned to Denmark in 1945, where he settled permanently. He met his wife in 1947, and had two sons. Alex died in 1994.

July 1938 to November 1938
Regina Nadler (married name: Woislawski)
Regina Nadler (Woislawski) and Max Woislawski.
Berlin

Born on September 27, 1915 in Berlin.

Attended the hachshara program as a housekeeping trainee in Jägerlust from July 1938 to the end in November (9/10/11) 1938.

Married Max Woislawski, another Flensburg hachsharah trainee.

Following the November pogrom, she was sent to the Flensburg police prison, but was soon released and was able to return to Berlin.

From there she went with her husband Max Woislawski to Denmark, later to Sweden and in 1949 to Israel. Lived in Schaar Chefer near Natania.

1935-1937
Hanna Nathan (maiden name: Johanna Fleischhacker)
Hanna Nathan
Köln

Johanna Fleischhacker, Born 30.9.1912 in Hildesheim, Germany

Passport issued in Flensburg, 28.11.1935
Arrived in Palestine 12.4.1937
Married to Herbert Nathan, another Flensburg hachshara trainee

Source and photo: "Application for Palestinian Citizenship", Government of Palestine - Department of Immigration, 1940: www.archives.gov.il

1936-1937
Herbert Nathan
Herbert Nathan
Köln

Born 2.2.1914 in Köln

"After Jägerslust, Herbert Nathan went to Hamburg for a few months to complete his training."

Arrived in Palestine 12.4.1937
Occupation: Agricultural labourer
Married to Johanna Fleischhacker, another Flensburg hachshara trainee.
Lived in Ramot HaShavim

Source and photo: "Application for Palestinian Citizenship", Government of Palestine - Department of Immigration, 1940: www.archives.gov.il

Hans Oppenheimer
Hans Oppenheimer
Frankfurt am Main

Born Frankfort am Main, 8.10.1913

Emigrated directly from Flensburg to Palestine with the help of the coveted worker certificate; (handwritten note "to Palestine" on municipal notice of departure).

Married Magdalena Felicitas Ferenszi, born in Hungary, 16.1.1916

*Note that Magdalena Ferenszi's passport was issued in Flensburg on 6.7.1936, so she probably was a trainee at Jägerslust.

Entry in Palestine: 22.7.1936
Occupation: "Agricultural labourer"
Kibbutz Ashdot Yaakov.

Source: "Application for Palestinian Citizenship", Government of Palestine - Department of Immigration, 1939:
http://www.archives.gov.il

1936-1937
Friedel Peterseil
Friedel Peterseil
Kiel

No further information available.

? until November 1938
Siegbert Pinkus
Mrotschen (Posen)

Listed in the "custody book" of the Kiel prison, following his arrest during Kristallnacht.

After his release, he moved to the Netherlands and was hidden by Dutch farmers. He later went to Palestine. (Philipsen, p. 56)

Born on 10 April 1921 in Mrotschen, Poland.
From Bielefeld he fled to Voorst, then stayed at Hummelo. From April 1941 he lived in Assen, at Javastraat 3, with the J. van Tijn family; from there he moved to the Magnus family at Rolderstraat 54.
Siegbert survived the war. He emigrated with his wife, Betty Pinkus- Cohen, to Israel."

Source: joodsebegraafplaatsassen.nl

1936-1937
Fritz Plaut
Fritz Plaut

Born 06.05.1918 in Frielendorf, Germany.

Married Gertrud Leiter, another Flensburg hachshara trainee
Immigration visa received in Flensburg on 7.5.1937
Arrived in Palestine (Haifa), Sept 19, 1937
One son Hanan, born in 1938 in Petah Tikva
Occupation: Building labourer
Resided in Kiryat-Haim

Source: "Application for Palestinian Citizenship", Government of Palestine - Department of Immigration, 1947: www.archives.gov.il

Additional information from the Plaut Family tree:
Fritz Zvi Plaut
"Married to Sara KALB"
Child: Channon PELEG, born in 1938
Died 29 Apr 1985 in Ramat Gan, Israel.
Possibly related to Erwin Linz, another Flensburg hachshara trainee.

Source: Plaut Family Tree

1936-1937
Günther Riesenfeld
Günther Riesenfeld
Wroclaw (Breslau)

Born: 22.11.1912.

Date entered in Palestine: 29.03.1937
Profession: "Agricultural labourer"
Residence: Kvuzat Massad Post Ain Harod
Married Eva Lange, born in Brieg, 15.10.1913 (Possibly same as Eva Lange in hachshara, as on 1941 Israeli document, her passport was issued in Breslau)
One daughter, born 1938.

All info above and photo (1941) from "Application for Palestinian Citizenship", Government of Palestine - Department of Immigration; assumed to be same person as hachshara trainee. www.archives.gov.il

? until November 1938
Heinz Robinsohn
Hamburg

Listed in the "custody book" of the Kiel prison, following his arrest during Kristallnacht.

Assuming was then sent to the Sachsenhausen concentration camp, along with the other young men from Jägerslust, and was later released at the end of December 1938, after presenting a plan to leave Germany.

No further information available.

Werner Rosenbaum
Werner Rosenbaum
Thorn

Born 2.12.1912 in Wesel, Germany

"Married Hildegard Bukofzer in Flensburg in order to build a common future together in a kibbutz in Palestine. Managed to emigrate directly from Flensburg with the help of the coveted worker certificate to Palestine; (handwritten note "to Palestine" on municipal notice of departure)."
(Source: Bernd Philipsen)

Entered Palestine 13.7.1936
Occupation: farmer
Lived in kibbutz Ashdot Yaakov
One daughter: Myriam, born 1937 in Tiberias.

All info above and photo (1940) from "Application for Palestinian Citizenship", Government of Palestine - Department of Immigration. www.archives.gov.il

Died in 1979 (66), Ashdot Ya'akov, Israel (source: geni.com

Hildegard Rosenbaum, born Bukofzer
Hildegard Rosenbaum, born Bukofzer
Essen

Born 5.2.1911 in Essen, Germany. Died in 2004 (93) in Ashdot Ya'akov, Israel.

"Married Werner Rosenbaum in Flensburg in order to build a common future together in a kibbutz in Palestine. Managed to emigrate directly from Flensburg with the help of the coveted worker certificate to Palestine; (handwritten note "to Palestine" on municipal notice of departure)." (Source: Bernd Philipsen)

Arrived in Palestine 13.7.1936
Lived in kibbutz Ashdot Yaakov
One daughter: Myriam, born 1937 in Tiberias
All info above and photo (1940) from "Application for Palestinian Citizenship", Government of Palestine - Department of Immigration. www.archives.gov.il

Additional source: geni.com

? until November 1938
Heinrich Rosenberg (Heinz?)
Thorn

Listed in the "custody book" of the Kiel prison, following his arrest during Kristallnacht. Assuming he was then sent to the Sachsenhausen concentration camp, along with the other young men from Jägerslust, and was later released at the end of December 1938, after presenting a plan to leave Germany.

Assuming this is the same person as "Heinz" Rosenberg, from Thorn. born 29.6.1917. He later was in the Netherlands with the Werkdorp Wieringermeer. He boarded the Dora, a ship of illegal immigrants, in Amsterdam in July 1939, and reached the coast of Palestine in August 1939.

? to 1938
Hans Rosenfeld

Attended Jägerslust in 1938 (see photo with Max Woislawski and Siegbert Pinkpus), but must have left before the November Pogrom as his name is not listed in the Kiel prison register.

Survived the war; mentioned in connection with the compensation procedure for the Wolff family.

? until November 1938
Siegfried Rosenthal
Kettig b Koblenz

Listed in the "custody book" of the Kiel prison, following his arrest during Kristallnacht.

Assuming he was then sent to the Sachsenhausen concentration camp, along with the other young men from Jägerslust, and was later released at the end of December 1938, after presenting a plan to leave Germany.

Fled illegally to the Netherlands. Teamed up with Heinz Meyerstein to find an escape route together. "We lived together for a while in Dortmund with false papers as 'Dutch foreign workers', and we both managed to flee to Spain via Holland, Belgium, France and the Pyrenees, from where we arrived in Palestine in November 1944 aboard a Portuguese ship."

? until November 1938
Schnur Rotstein
Holzweißig / Saxony-Anhalt

Listed in the "custody book" of the Kiel prison, following his arrest during Kristallnacht.

Assuming he was then sent to the Sachsenhausen concentration camp, along with the other young men from Jägerslust, and was later released at the end of December 1938, after presenting a plan to leave Germany.

No further information available.

? until November 1938
Heinrich (Heinz) Spittel
Heinrich (Heinz) Spittel
Berlin

Born 1918

Listed in the "custody book" of the Kiel prison, following his arrest during Kristallnacht.

Deported with his wife Charlotte (Lotte) b. Wald. Died between 25 and 30 April 1945 in Bergen-Belsen, ten days after the transfer of the camp to the British troops, as a result of the long incarceration in the concentration camp.

His wife survived the camps and later emigrated to Israel. She gave testimony at the Ghetto Fighters House: www.infocenters.co.il

Source and Photo: www.joodsmonument.nl

1936-1937
Adi Sporn
Adi Sporn
Bochum

No further information available.

1936-1937
Joseph (Seppl) Sternschein
Bayern

No further information available.

1936-1937
Berta Tokajer (later: Edelstein)
Berta Tokajer, later: Edelstein
Modrzejow, Poland

Born 10.6.1907 in Modrzejow, Poland

Nationality: formerly Polish, then "stateless".
Lived in Mainz before coming to Flensburg for hachshara in Jägerslust.
Registered at police headquarters in Flensburg on 26.6.1937 for yearly extension of residence permit in Foreigner Passport ("Fremdenpass").
Married Hans Edelstein on 16.2.1938.
Arrived in Palestine 7.3.1938.

Berta Tokajer Edelstein's German Foreigner Passport in the Israel Archives shows the path she followed to reach Palestine. She first left her hometown Mainz and travelled to Stuttgart where she registered her marriage (15.2.1938). She then travelled to Berlin to the British Consulate to receive her visa for Palestine six days later (21.2.1938). Next she went to Frankfort, where she obtained transit visas for Austria and Italy from their respective consulates the following week (28.2.1938). The next day, she crossed the border in Salzburg, Austria (1.3.1938), then one day later embarked in Trieste, Italy (2.3.1938), finally arriving in Haifa after five days at sea (7.3.1938).

Information and photo (1940) from "Application for Palestinian Citizenship", Government of Palestine - Department of Immigration www.archives.gov.il

November 1937 - November 1938
Charlotte (Lotte) Wald (Married: Spittel; later: Nirah Schnurmann)
Lotte Nira Schnurmann (born Wald)
Bochum

Born in Bochum, Germany, 1916.

Member of Habonim, Bochum, 1935 with Heinz Spittel. Aliyah training within the framework of Hechalutz, Flensburg, Germany, from November 1937 to November 1938. (* testimony states February 1939 which is clearly incorrect.) Detention for one day during Kristallnacht.

Revocation of her German citizenship. Moved to the Netherlands for individual aliyah training with Hechalutz, February 1939. Aliyah training in Amsterdam, worked at a vegetarian restaurant, May 1940-June 1941. Individual aliyah training in Arnheim, together with her husband, Heinz Spittel; unsuccessful attempts to hide, June 1941-December 1942.

Deportation to Westerbork during the capture of all Jews in Arnheim, 11 December 1942. Deported to Auschwitz, 16 September 1943; all women sent to the experimentation block (experiments on 200 women conducted by Dr. Glauberg and Dr. Wirz); all men (amongst them Heinz Spittel) sent to Buna-Monowitz camp, where the majority died after a few weeks. Transfered to Birkenau on account of her refusal to participate in the experiments, summer 1944; forced labor in road construction and agriculture. Transfered to Bergen-Belsen, November-December 1944; Transfered to Salzwedel concentration camp for forced labor in an ammunitions factory, January 1945.

Returned to the Netherlands following liberation, 28 April 1945.
Death of her husband following the liberation of Bergen-Belsen.
Aliya, autumn 1945.
Died in 2012

All information from: "Testimony to the Itzhak Katzenelson Holocaust and Jewish Resistance Heritage Museum and Study Center, March 1957: " Yad Vashem
See also www.infocenters.co.il
Photo from www.myheritage.com

1936-1937
Ernestine (Erna) Weinert (married name: Hausmann)
Erna Weinert (Hausmann)
Wroclaw (Breslau)

Born in 1917 in Wroclaw (Breslau). Died in 2008 in Tobyhanna, Pennsylvania, USA.

Arrived from Breslau on March 19, 1936 and joined the Hachshara emigration training program in Jägerslust as an agricultural and domestic trainee. There she met her future husband, Richard Hausmann. Together, they left Jägerslust in July 1937. After a stopover with farmers in Meiningen, Thuringia, they escaped to Sweden, then Denmark, then to the USA where they emigrated in 1950.

July 1937 to November 9, 1938
Max Woislawski
Regina Nadler (Woislawski) and Max Woislawski.
Grajewo, Poland

Born February 1, 1913 in Grajewo, Poland.

Hachshara agricultural training in Jägerslust from July 1937 to November 9, 1938.

Arrested during the November 9 pogrom, sent to the Kiel prison, then to the Sachsenhausen concentration camp. Released in mid-December 1938. At the end of January 1939, went with future wife Regina Nadler to Denmark, where he received further training in the framework of the exchange program. They later went to Sweden, then immigrated to Israel in 1949. He lived in Schaar Chefer near Natania.

1936-1937
Ben ?
Ben ?

No further information available.

1936-1937
Oscar ?

No further information available.

Extra Special Thanks
Bernd Philipsen, without whom this page would not exist. Most of the content on this page comes from his book "Jägerslust". In addition to giving me a copy of the original text, he kindly shared much additional content not included in his book, including the list of chalutzim who attended Jägerslust.
Eric Hausmann, who generously shared a collection of 27 photographs his grandfather, Richard Hausmann, took during his stay in Jägerslust in 1936-1937.
Sources and References
Bernd Philipsen "Jägerslust" : Gutshof, Kibbuz, Flüchtlingslager, Militär-Areal. Gesellschaft für Flensburger Stadtgeschichte, 2008.
Additional biographical content: http://oorlogsdodendinkelland.nl
joodsebegraafplaatsassen.nl
Yad Vashem
Israel State Archives
Anders Enevig "Unge jøders flugt 1939-1945" 2018.
Additional Reading
Ulrike Pilarczyk Gemeinschaft in Bildern: Jüdische Jugendbewegung und zionistische Erziehungspraxis in Deutschland und Palästina/Israel. Wallstein Verlag, Göttingen 2009.

This family history project started September 2009.
All photos and documents belong to the author and are © Daniel Abraham, except for maps and where indicated.
This is a work in progress. Please contact me if you have any more information to contribute.

Last Modified: Monday, January 21, 2019