Gut Jägerslust, Flensburg.

Jägerslust, Flensburg.

The main building. This is where the young women lived during their hachshara. Jägerslust, Flensburg.

Photo: Richard Hausmann, courtesy of Eric S. Hausmann.

Jägerslust, Flensburg.

One of the two stables. Jägerslust, Flensburg.

Photo: Richard Hausmann, courtesy of Eric S. Hausmann.

Jägerslust, Flensburg.

The "Kibbutz", where the young men were haused in Jägerslust. Flensburg.

Photo: Richard Hausmann, courtesy of Eric S. Hausmann.

Photos of Hachshara life in Gut Jägerslust, Flensburg.

Hachshara Youth in Jägerslust, Flensburg. 1936.

Hachshara youth on the roof of the "Kibbutz". Jägerslust, Flensburg. March 22, 1936

Photo: collection of Richard Hausmann, courtesy of Eric S. Hausmann.

Erwin Linz with other Flensburg trainees, ca 1935.

Erwin Linz (left row) with other Flensburg trainees, ca 1935

Photo (c) courtesy of Bernd Philipsen.

Hachshara group with Alex Wolff, Jägerslust, Flensburg

Hachshara group on the edge of the forest, Jägerslust, Flensburg.

Alexander Wolff, Erna Weinert, Frau Käte Wolff, Hermann Berger, Gerhard Chaim, Adi Sporn, Josef Lustig.

Photo collection of Richard Hausmann, courtesy of Eric S. Hausmann.

Hachshara group, Jägerslust, Flensburg

Hachshara group, Jägerslust, Flensburg. Nov ? 1936

(?), Friedel, Margot, Ruth, Erna (or Eva?), Herman xxx , Paul

Photo collection of Richard Hausmann, courtesy of Eric S. Hausmann.

Hachshara group in Jägerslust, Flensburg. 1937.

Hachshara group with Jehuda Marcus* by the edge of the forest in Jägerslust, Flensburg. 1937.

Richard Hausmann: "Jehuda Marcus was a member of the "Merkas Hechalutz" in Berlin, and was called every time insoluble problems arose, often with Alexander Wolff. I think Kurt Wohl came from Hamburg for the same purpose."

Photo by: Ferdinand (Nante) Ehrenberg. Collection of Richard Hausmann, courtesy of Eric S. Hausmann.

On the way to Padborg (Denmark) with Jehuda Marcus.

On the way to Padborg (Denmark) with Jehuda Marcus. December 1936

Photo by Willi (Friedman?), Collection of Richard Hausmann, courtesy of Eric S. Hausmann.

Hachshara group in front of the stables.

Hachshara group in front of the stables, Gut Jägerslust, 5 November 1936.

Richard, Ben, Lotte Kaiser, Ernst Isaksohn, Frau Käte Wolff, Ferdinand Ehrenberg, I (?) Leiter, Max Klausner

Photo Collection of Richard Hausmann, courtesy of Eric S. Hausmann.

March 1937.

"Mergelfahren", March 1937.

Photo by: Ferdinand (Nante) Ehrenberg. Collection of Richard Hausmann, courtesy of Eric S. Hausmann.

Hachshara youth in Jägerslust, Flensburg. 1938.

Hachshara youth with Sam Federmann in Jägerslust, Flensburg, 1938.

Photo courtesy of Bernd Philipsen.

Somewhere in the field with Alex Wolff on the bike. Hachshara youth in Jägerslust, Flensburg.

"Somewhere in the field with Alex Wolff on the bike."

Photo: Collection of Richard Hausmann, courtesy of Eric S. Hausmann.

Toni, Gera

Toni Katz in the "Kibbutz Jägerslust" Hachshara center, Flensburg, 1938.

Photo: collection Katz, courtesy of Shulik Mir.

List of Hachshara trainees in Jägerslust

Between the Fall of 1934 and the abrupt end on November 10, 1938, approximately 100 young people participated in the Hachshara (training) program in the Jägerslust estate of the Wolff family in Flensburg.

So far, 68 of them are known by name. The list below is thus incomplete and mostly covers the 1936-1937 period. For 1938, the date is often simply inferred based on the Kiel prison incarceration log following the November 9-10 Pogrom. Unless otherwise noted, all the information below is from Bernd Philipsen's research. To his original list, I have added the names of my mother, Toni Katz (1938), Helena Sara Croner (found online), and Charlotte (Lotte) Wald (married: Spittel; later: Nirah Schnurmann) (Yad Vashem).

Year Name City Notes
1936-1937 Felix Bender
? to November 1938
Albert Berger
Albert Berger
Bonn

Born 03 May 1919 in Bonn. Died February, 1944 (gassed in Auschwitz-Monowitz).

Albert Berger was arrested during the November "Pogrom" in Jägerslust. He was first sent to the Kiel prison, then to the Sachsenhausen concentration camp, where he remained until the end of December 1938.

After his release, he went to the Netherlands in January 1939 and was a "Palestine Pioneer" with the Deventer Association. In 1942 he was interned in the Westerbork transit camp, then deported to Auschwitz III-Monowitz in September (or October) 1942. He was killed in Auschwitz in February 1944.

His brothers Adolf and Herman left for Israel and survived the war.

Jewish memorial and Stolperstein Enschede.

Information and photo from: http://oorlogsdodendinkelland.nl

1936-1937 Hermann (Chaim) Berger
Hermann (Chaim) Berger
Duisburg
1936-1937 Gerhard Chaim
Gerhard Chaim
Wroclaw (Breslau)
April 1938 to ? Helena Sara Croner
Helena Sara Croner
Hamburg

Born January 3rd, 1919 in Hamburg, Germany. Died 1999 in Zelhem, Netherlands.

Helene joined the Hachashara program in Jägerslust in Flensburg in April 1938. She left for the Netherlands in March 1939, where she joined the Deventer Association. She married Michiel Asser Benjamin Jacob in 1942. They went to live in Zelhem, where they took over the shop in smoking articles from his parents.

Her husband, her mother, her sisters Ruth, Anna and Meta, and her brother Leopold were killed in the Holocaust.

Helene and her brothers Herman and Herbert survived the war. Helene later married Johannes Hendrikus (Han) Roenhorst. Helene died in 1999 in Zelhem.

Source (text): http://oorlogsdodendinkelland.nl

Photo credit: www.oudzelhem.nl

1936-1937 Erika Dallmann (later married Beer) Rügenwalde

Born October 16, 1907. Died June 9, 1982 (74), Fredensborg, Denmark

Went to Denmark for further training in the framework of the exchange program (1936/1937)

Anna Dreifus Killed in Auschwitz.
Lili Marie Dreifus Sister of Anna Dreifus. Killed in a German concentration camp.
1936-1937 Ferdinand (Nante) Ehrenberg
Ferdinand (Nante) Ehrenberg
Mannheim (or Karlsruhe?)

Went to Denmark for further training in the framework of the exchange program.

He died on January 10, 1994 in Gothenburg.

March 1937 to October 1938 Sam (Samo, Samuel) Federmann
Samuel Federmann
Chemnitz

Born in 1917 in Chemnitz. Died 2006 in Tel Aviv.

1927-1938 member of the Zionist Youth Organization.

1936 to 1938: Preparation for emigration to Palestine in Hamburg and at the Jägerslust estate in Flensburg. Agricultural trainee at Alexander Wolff’s Jägerslust farm from February/March 1937 until the end of October 1938. He was away in Berlin for medical treatment and was not present during the attack on Jägerslust during the November pogrom.

His escape from Germany took him to Belgium (1938), France (1939, volunteer in the French Army) and Spain (1940), where he was interned for a long time in a camp. He finally reached Tel Aviv in January 1944.

A hotelier and entrepreneur, he founded the Dan Hotels Corporation in 1947 along with his brother Yekutiel. He died in 2006 in Tel Aviv.

1936-1937 Herbert Feinstein
? until November 1938 Ernst Fischer Frankenthal

Listed in the "custody book" of the Kiel prison, following his arrest during Kristallnacht.

Assuming he was then sent to the Sachsenhausen concentration camp together with the other young men from Jägerslust.

1936-1937 Willy Friedmann Wroclaw (Breslau)

Arrived in the Jägerslust Hachshara center on March 1st, 1936, from Breslau as an agricultural trainee. Married another trainee, Jenny Jaschkowitz, on March 3, 1937. The couple left Jägerslust in May 1937.
Source: Newspaper note from 16.1.1937 "Flensburger Aufgebote", Nebenkartei

No further information available.

1936-1937 Ruth Hamburger
1936-1937 Richard Hausmann
Richard Hausmann
Düren

Born 1914 in Düren, Rhineland. Died in 2007 in Longmeadow, USA.

Employed in the department store of Leonhard Tietz in Düren, until it was "Aryanized". He then began studying to become a textile engineer at the weaving school in Aachen.

Came to the Jägerslust hachshara center to follow agricultural training on October 20, 1936. There he met his future wife Ernestine Erna Weinert. They left Flensburg on July 19, 1937 and temporarily moved with farmers in Meiningen, Thuringia.

Richard and Erna left Germany in February 1938 (or "shortly before the outbreak of war in 1939"). They first went to Sweden, but since their residence permits could not be renewed there, they left for Denmark after 18 months, and together with other Jews found work on farms in south Zealand. They later moved outside of Copenhagen, and worked on the farm of Harald and Agnette Petersen, with Richard working as a herdsman.

In October 1943, when the Germans wanted to arrest all the Jews, Harald Petersen offered to drive the Hausmanns to Copenhagen with his car, from where they could try to escape to Sweden. After three days without finding a fisherman to take the Jewish Immigrants across the waters, Harald Petersen finally found a fisherman to take them and came up with his own money to pay for the escape.

On March 28, 1990, Yad Vashem recognized Harald Petersen as Righteous Among the Nations for having risked his life to arrange the Hausmanns' escape.
(Source: Yad Vashem)

Richard and Erna later emigrated to the USA in August 1950, and lived in Longmeadow, Massachusetts. Richard Hausmann was an engineer in the fabric industry. They had three children (Hermann (Copenhagen, 1942), Ruth (Sweden, 1944), and Stephen David (USA, 1950). Richard Hausmann died in December 2007 at the age of 93.

1936-1937 Dora Herbst Köln
1936-1937 Herbert (Zvi) Hirsch Wroclaw (Breslau)
1936-1937 Lotte Honig
August 17, 1936-March 16, 1937 Bernhard ("Männe") Horn
Bernhard Horn
Köln Born 16 June, 1909 in Cologne. Married to Margot Horn (born Lange).
August 17, 1936-March 16, 1937 Margot Horn (born Lange)
Margot Horn (Lange)
Berlin Born Januray 11, 1911. Married to Bernhard ("Männe") Horn.
1936-1937 Ernst Isaksohn (Isackson)
1936-1937 Jenny Jaschkowitz (Yashkovice) (Married name: Friedman)
Jenny Jaschkowitz (Yashkovice) (Jenny Friedman)
Wroclaw (Breslau)

Born 23/3/1914 in Poznań.

Came to the Jägerslust Hachshara center from Breslau on March 23, 1936. Married on March 3, 1937 another trainee, Willy Friedmann. Together, they left Jägerslust in May 1937.
Source: Newspaper note from 16.1.1937 "Flensburger Aufgebote", Nebenkartei

No further information available.

1936-1937 Carry Jordan
1936-1937 (summer of 1936 to winter of 1937) Lotte Kaiser (later married Flegenheimer) Leipzig
Summer 1938 to November 1938 Toni Katz
Toni Katz (Abraham)
Sokal, Poland

Toni Katz was born in Sokal, Poland, Sept 30, 1919, and came to Gera, Germany with her family around 1921/1922. She died in Paris in 2001.

She came to the hachshara center in Flensburg in the Summer of 1938 and remained there until its closure in November 1938. After the destruction of Jägerslust, she went back home to Gera, only to find that her parents had been deported to Poland during the October 28th-29th roundup of Polish Jews. She spent the following months hiding with friends. She eventually made her way across the Belgian border illegally, and boarded the Dora, an illegal immigration ship with 500 Jewish refugees. She arrived in Eretz Israel two weeks before the start of WW2.

Her parents and relatives who had been deported to Poland were gassed in Belzec in 1943.

Paul Katzenberg Hamborn Went to Denmark for further training in the framework of the exchange program.
1936-1937 PauL Katzenstein
1936-1937 Franz Kaufmann
Franz Kaufmann
Wroclaw (Breslau) "A young dental technician from Breslau. Managed to emigrate directly from Flensburg with the help of the coveted worker certificate to Palestine." (Handwritten note "to Palestine" on municipal notice of departure).
1936-1937 Max Klausner
1936-1937 Ernie Kopilowski
Lene Kronertz "Fled to the Netherlands. Hidden by courageous Dutch famers, endured the war in the Netherlands and later remained in the country."
May 1937 to August 1938 Frieda Landmann (married name: Frieda Ziegler)
Frieda Landmann (Frieda Ziegler)
Berlin

Born March 1913 in Berlin.

She attended Jägerlust as part of her Hachshara training from 25 May 1937 to 31 August, 1938. From there she went to Denmark for further training in the framework of the exchange program.

Lived in the 1990s in Berlin.

1936-1937 Eva Lange Wroclaw (Breslau)
1936-1937 Gertrud (Trudi) Leiter Bobfingen
Bernhard Lieser Leipzig Went to Denmark for further training in the framework of the exchange program.
1936-1937 Lina Lilie Frankfurt
1936-1937 Ludwig Lilie Frankfurt
? until November 1938 Karl Lindenberg Berlin

Listed in the "custody book" of the Kiel prison following his arrest during Kristalnacht.

Assuming he was then sent to the Sachsenhausen concentration camp, along with the other young men from Jägerslust, and was later released at the end of December 1938, after presenting a plan to leave Germany.

1935 Erwin Linz (Ilan)
Erwin Linz
Rotenburg an der Fulda

Born 10 November 1914 in Rotenburg an der Fulda. Died 17 June 1998 in Israel.

Attended Jägerslust approximately 1935. He received an entry permit to Palestine in July 1936. There he was initially involved in an irrigation project on the western edge of the Jordan Valley. In 1945 he and his wife joined the kibbutz Givat Hahlosha, and in 1953 the kibbutz Einat.

Lucie Loewald Wroclaw (Breslau) Emigrated directly from Flensburg to Palestine with the help of the coveted worker certificate; (handwritten note "to Palestine" on municipal notice of departure).
1936-1937 Joseph Lustig
Joseph Lustig
Wroclaw (Breslau)
Siegfried Marcks Wroclaw (Breslau) Emigrated directly from Flensburg to Palestine with the help of the coveted worker certificate; (handwritten note "to Palestine" on municipal notice of departure).
1936-1937 Alexander (Alex) Muschinsky

"Spent 16 months in Flensburg, and then worked in Denmark as "Madrich" (group leader, supervisor) in the " Youth Aliyah"." (Interview with Bernd Philipsen, 1993)

July 1938 to November 1938 Regina Nadler (married name: Woislawski)
Regina Nadler (Woislawski) and Max Woislawski.
Berlin

Regina Nadler (married name: Woislavsky) was born on September 27, 1915 in Berlin.

Regina attended the hachshara program as a housekeeping trainee in Jägerlust from July 1938 to the end in November (9/10/11) 1938.

Following the November pogrom, she was sent to the Flensburg police prison, but was soon released and was able to return to Berlin.

From there she went with her husband Max Woislawski to Denmark, later to Sweden and in 1949 to Israel. Lived in Schaar Chefer near Natania.

1936-1937 Hanna Nathan Köln
1936-1937 Herbert Nathan Köln "After Jägerslust, Herbert Nathan went to Hamburg for a few months to complete his training."
Hans Salomon Oppenheimer Frankfurt am Main Emigrated directly from Flensburg to Palestine with the help of the coveted worker certificate; (handwritten note "to Palestine" on municipal notice of departure).
1936-1937 Friedel Peterseil
Friedel Peterseil
Kiel
? until November 1938 Siegbert Pinkus Mrotschen (Posen)

Listed in the "custody book" of the Kiel prison, following his arrest during Kristallnacht.

After his release, he moved to the Netherlands and was hidden by Dutch farmers. He later went to Palestine. (Philipsen, p. 56)

"Siegbert Pinkus was born on 10 April 1921 in Mrotschen, Poland. From Bielefeld he fled to Voorst, and also stayed at Hummelo. From April 1941 he lived in Assen, at Javastraat 3, the home address of the J. van Tijn family; From there he moved to the Magnus family at Rolderstraat 54. Siegbert survived the war, and moved to Anreeperstraat 64 in July 1945, to move to Steendijk 116 in 1946. From there he emigrated with his wife, Betty Pinkus- Cohen, to Israel." Source: joodsebegraafplaatsassen.nl

1936-1937 Fritz Plaut
1936-1937 Günther Riesenfeld Wroclaw (Breslau)
? until November 1938 Heinz Robinsohn Hamburg

Listed in the "custody book" of the Kiel prison, following his arrest during Kristallnacht.

Assuming he was then sent to the Sachsenhausen concentration camp, along with the other young men from Jägerslust, and was later released at the end of December 1938, after presenting a plan to leave Germany.

Werner Rosenbaum Thorn

Married Hildegard Bukofzerin Flensburg in order to build a common future together in a kibbutz in Palestine. Managed to emigrate directly from Flensburg with the help of the coveted worker certificate to Palestine; (handwritten note "to Palestine" on municipal notice of departure).

Hildegard Rosenbaum, b. Bukofzer Essen

Married Werner Rosenbaum in Flensburg in order to build a common future together in a kibbutz in Palestine. Managed to emigrate directly from Flensburg with the help of the coveted worker certificate to Palestine; (handwritten note "to Palestine" on municipal notice of departure).

? until November 1938 Heinrich Rosenberg Thorn

Listed in the "custody book" of the Kiel prison, following his arrest during Kristallnacht.

Assuming he was then sent to the Sachsenhausen concentration camp, along with the other young men from Jägerslust, and was later released at the end of December 1938, after presenting a plan to leave Germany.

Hans Rosendeld

Survived the war (mentioned in connection with the compensation procedure for the Wolff family)

? until November 1938 Siegfried Rosenthal Kettig b Koblenz

Listed in the "custody book" of the Kiel prison, following his arrest during Kristallnacht.

Assuming he was then sent to the Sachsenhausen concentration camp, along with the other young men from Jägerslust, and was later released at the end of December 1938, after presenting a plan to leave Germany.

Fled illegally to the Netherlands. Teamed up with Heinz Meyerstein to find an escape route together. "We lived together for a while in Dortmund with false papers as 'Dutch foreign workers', and we both managed to flee to Spain via Holland, Belgium, France and the Pyrenees, from where we arrived in Palestine in November 1944 aboard a Portuguese ship."

? until November 1938 Schnur Rotstein Holzweißig / Saxony-Anhalt

Listed in the "custody book" of the Kiel prison, following his arrest during Kristallnacht.

Assuming he was then sent to the Sachsenhausen concentration camp, along with the other young men from Jägerslust, and was later released at the end of December 1938, after presenting a plan to leave Germany.

? until November 1938 Heinrich (Heinz) Spittel Berlin

Listed in the "custody book" of the Kiel prison, following his arrest during Kristallnacht.

Deported with his wife Charlotte (Lotte) b. Wald. Died on 25 April 1945 in Bergen-Belsen, ten days after the transfer of the camp to the British troops, as a result of the long incarceration in the concentration camp.

1936-1937 Adi Sporn
Adi Sporn
Bochum
1936-1937 Joseph (Seppl) Sternschein Bayern
1936-1937 Berta Tokaier Mainz
November 1937 - November 1938 Charlotte (Lotte) Wald (Married: Spittel; later: Nirah Schnurmann) Bochum

Born in Bochum, Germany, 1916.

Member of Habonim, Bochum, 1935.

Aliya training within the framework of Hechalutz, Flensburg, Germany, from November 1937 to November 1938. (* testimony states February 1939 which is clearly incorrect.) Detention for one day during Kristallnacht.

Revocation of her German citizenship. Moved to the Netherlands for individual aliya training with Hechalutz, February 1939. Aliya training in Amsterdam, worked at a vegetarian restaurant, May 1940-June 1941. Individual aliya training in Arnheim, together with her husband, Heinz Spittel; unsuccessful attempts to hide, June 1941-December 1942.

Deportation to Westerbork during the capture of all Jews in Arnheim, 11 December 1942. Detention at Westerbork; formation of an aliya training group; agricultural work outside the camp without the possibility of escape, January 1943-September 1943.

Deported to Auschwitz, 16 September 1943; all women sent to the experimentation block (experiments on 200 women conducted by Dr. Glauberg and Dr. Wirz); all men (amongst them Heinz Spittel) sent to Buna-Monowitz camp, where the majority died after a few weeks.

Transfered to Birkenau on account of her refusal to participate in the experiments, summer 1944; forced labor in road construction and agriculture. Transfered to Bergen-Belsen, November-December 1944; Transfered to Salzwedel concentration camp for forced labor in an ammunitions factory, January 1945.

Returned to the Netherlands following liberation, 28 April 1945.

Her husband death following the liberation of Bergen-Belsen.

Aliya, autumn 1945.

All information from: "Testimony to the Itzhak Katzenelson Holocaust and Jewish Resistance Heritage Museum and Study Center, March 1957: " Yad Vashem

1936-1937 Erna Weinert (married name: Hausmann)
Erna Weinert (Hausmann)
Wroclaw (Breslau)

Born in 1917 in Wroclaw (Breslau). Died in 2008 in Tobyhanna, Pennsylvania, USA.

Erna Weinert arrived from Breslau on March 19, 1936 and joined the Hachshara emigration training program in Jägerslust as an agricultural and domestic trainee. There she met her future husband, Richard Hausmann. Together, they left Jägerslust in July 1937. After a stopover with farmers in Meiningen, Thuringia, they escaped to Sweden, then Denmark, then to the USA where they emigrated in 1950.

July 1937 to November 9, 1938 Max Woislawski
Regina Nadler (Woislawski) and Max Woislawski.
Grajewo, Poland

Born February 1, 1913 in Grajewo, Poland.

Max Woislawski followed his hachshara agricultural training in Jägerslust from July 1937 to November 9, 1938.

He was arrested during the November 9 pogrom, and sent to the Kiel prison. He was then sent to the Sachsenhausen concentration camp. He was released in mid-December 1938. At the end of January 1939, he went with his future wife Regina Nadler to Denmark, where he received further training in the framework of the exchange program. They later went to Sweden, then immigrated to Israel in 1949. He lived in Schaar Chefer near Natania.

(Photos p 56)
1936-1937 Oscar ?
1936-1937 Ben ?
1936-1937 Lucie ?
Special Thanks
Bernd Philipsen, without whom this page would not exist. Most of the content on this page comes from his book "Jägerslust". In addition to sharing a copy of the original text, he kindly gave me additional content not included in his book, including the list of trainees for the 1936-1937 period.
Eric Hausmann, who generously shared a collection of 27 photographs his grandfather, Richard Hausmann, took during his stay in Jägerslust in 1936-1937.
Sources and References
Bernd Philipsen "Jägerslust" : Gutshof, Kibbuz, Flüchtlingslager, Militär-Areal. Gesellschaft für Flensburger Stadtgeschichte, 2008.
Additional biographical content: http://oorlogsdodendinkelland.nl, joodsebegraafplaatsassen.nl, and Yad Vashem

This family history project started September 2009.
All photos and documents belong to the author and are © Daniel Abraham, except for maps and where indicated.
This is a work in progress. Please contact me if you have any more information to contribute.

Last Modified: Sunday, November 11, 2018